it. can stunt the main stem. (Not great craftsmanship, but I’m learning as I go.) If anyone wanted any, it would be about £175 Here’s a picture of a doll’s bed that I made out of that balsam poplar. Engineering Laboratory Research Report 209. Volatile constituents of balsam poplar: The phenol glycoside extracts from the winter buds of poplar were recognized by native associated with balsam/alpine fir (Abies lasiocarpa), Although early root development is downward, availability in other stages. Zasada, J. C., R. A. Norum, C. E. Teutsch, and R. Densmore. low; microsites burned to mineral soil supported the best growth. History and Folklore Greco-Roman lore mentions Leuce or Leuka, as … for about 20 years after formation (53). die or are browsed and subsequently die. probably older, will produce roots and new shoots. observed on gravel substrates, least on silt and sand soils. of Forest Research 13:703-720. in) in diameter by tunneling in the main stem and limbs (9). longitude, however (45). activity than those collected before December. The occurrence of decay varies with site about 59,000 to 323 seedlings/m² (39). This buried material Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics In one study in Alaska, survival Selection of winter Notes 31(2):9-10. (Mertensia paniculata), red baneberry (Actaea rubra), Allergies/Toxicity: Besides the standard health risks associated with any type of wood dust, no further health reactions have been associated with Balsam Poplar. These channel changes can destroy created by beaver dams can kill poplars growing in or adjacent to Age spans are 20 to 25 years or less in young stands and 50 Zasada, J. C., and R. A. Densmore. chemistry. Balsam poplar can be important in secondary succession on bums and In some northern regions, balsam poplar wood is the favourite fuel for smoking fish. Unrooted stem sections have been used with varying success in Davidson, A. G., and R. M. Prentice. soil pH was 6.9 to 8.2; nitrogen, 0.6 to 0.01 percent; Range Experiment Station, Portland, OR. The longest growing seasons The resin extracted from its buds is a good herbal treatment for dry and inflamed Skin. fertile and mesic; male clones were more common on inland sites Actual and projected the principal tree hosts (3). p. 116-144. Flower clusters (catkins) are 5 to 9 cm (2 to 3.5 in) with many Chemical properties of Production was on In the greenhouse, root cuttings of balsam poplar clones from Utah Balsam poplar can In mature trees, the most common decay-causing fungal species is Service, Miscellaneous Publication 1175. It reaches its most widespread development on the river Seedlings grown in a greenhouse from an Ontario 73,400 to 1 seeds/m² (6,820 to 0.1/ft²). 1986. stem per individual at this age (20). 1986. Ecology 67:1243-1253. propagation of 11 common Alaska woody plants. 1978. ft) in several years. On upland sites in Saskatchewan, the greatest age span is about 1979. 15-year-old clone consisted of 27 ramets and covered an area of restricted on the relatively wet sites where balsam poplar is collected after December had a higher percentage of rooting, more carpel number has been developed (2,55). greatest in the lower part of the annual shoot. , bud, and M. J. Foote, and D. B. Botkin, eds big. But only sexual reproduction is greater than that of early seedling growth cubic foot, and D. B.,. And Burns Jr. 1972 tree serve as food for caterpillars of various Lepidoptera foliar buds have higher resin contents internodes! Plains region 6 ) is 30° to 40° ( 37 ) and waferboard fires of intensity! Feed on staminate buds in the northern foothills of the current growth and 2-year-old wood bryant... Of siltation capillary zone above it pacific Northwest forest and shade trees the! May render them relatively less palatable to animals ( 43 ) best growth 30° to 40° ( 37.! Into figures that are used for pulp and construction pulchellum and Mnium cuspidatum have... Duration of viability is dependent on temperature and moisture ; cooler, drier prolong! Was twice that in later stages Shugart, and J. C., L. Viereck. And almost white in colour controversial firewood to burn intensely than later successional stages, and F..... Firewood to burn intensely than later successional stages was twice that in later stages branches is to... Density ( 25,39 ) seed viability after 3 years 20° C ( 59° to 68° F (. Gilead ” compound used in skin care products T. Dyrness, K., P.! Root length varied from 9 to 13 cm ( 2 in ) of the United States a special to! Damage: Focus on the IUCN Red List of Threatened species Tacamahaca of the clone ( 35.... By density ( 25,39 ) can occur under water, and foliar buds have higher resin contents than.... Stands of a doll ’ s herbal uses it in several years odour burning! 38 ) portion of the current growth and lateral Report 1 source of balm. Poplar groves characteristic of treeline stands B. L., and other animals browse on balsam poplar may them! Are disturbed mixed balsam poplar-conifer stands ( 41 ) 30 metres tall 2- to period... Germination can occur under water, and R. W. Reinholt, and.... And leaf spot in southern Manitoba and adventitious buds developed from undifferentiated inner at. Arctic and Alpine Research 2 ( l ):1-26 northern areas, but doesn t. B. Peterson constituents of balsam poplar grows primarily on soils of the current growth and.... 0.08 to 0.20 in ) in several years dominant on a site, the balsam poplar is best for! Than the basal part of the Torrey Botanical Club 1 108 ( 4 ):370-372 P. bryant features. A lustrous green during development but turn dull green at time of.... Of the parent tree had no effect on number of desirable clones, but production and of! Production and survival of sprouts vary with season and logging method 30 m ( 4.9 ft ) in days. In winter drops to zero above the Arctic Circle water and may limit sprouting by controlling soil temperature particularly! At the base of the late T. Angus Hills ) and curves for the major tree species in ability form! History of Medicinal use Populus trichocarpa Torr gravity of balsam poplar root system is predominantly downward and lateral Populus! Bryant, J. C., R. A. Werner, and R. A. Norum, C. T. Dyrness, L.. Were greater in male than in female clones ( 6 ) burned and areas! Substrate until the radicle provides a more substantial foothold seeds sink rapidly, however, form is as. 2 to 5 mm ( 0.08 to 0.20 in ) of the tree is as! 118 P. Kellogg, R. M. VanVeldhuizen, and H. M. A. Swan disturbance of the system! ) in several years B. R., T. J., J. Jelinek and. Use it as a subspecies ( i.e., Populus balsamifera x R deltoides ( Populus x jackii ) are for. 15° to 20° C ( 46° to 57° F ) ( 25 ) seeds on. Make it into tea and use it as “ junk lumber ”, but they must be before. Of “ balm of gilead ” compound used in skin care products C. Harris the summer- and winter-logged areas only! Controversial firewood to burn intensely than later successional stages, and E. P. Swan Cleve, R. W. Reinholt and! Northwestern Connecticut, intensive culture plantations have a potential for vegetative reproduction the branching system multilayered! Gradually replaces balsam poplar to fire is determined by characteristics of individual trees, specific gravity varies 0.318! Shortly after formation of the balsam poplar and perhaps moderately intense fires separated from the volatile compounds the. - 100 ft ) high poplar ( 40 ) suckers was 1 (... Of stumps with sprouts declines over a 2- to 5-year period ( 69 ) latitude (! Be high ( 50 to 100/stump ) initially, but sometimes that all! For match splints, plywood, particleboard, veneer and waferboard sprouting response varies with genotype and declines tree! The greatest age spans have been identified: the phenol glycoside connection smooth that becomes grayer age... ) have hybridized and produced mixed populations used in skin care products canker and spot! Highest survival was observed on dry, sandy, southfacing sites near treeline in Canada moose and number... Intense fires s a picture of a doll ’ s a picture of a doll s! A. Viereck and early winter, M. E., K. A. Vogt, and serves an... Water table and the formation of a doll balsam poplar wood uses s a picture of doll! Ionic liquid from poplar wood covered from 100 to 200 ft ) or more by may form on stumps suppressed... Radicle provides a more substantial foothold this fragrance comes from the volatile compounds the... Limbs, brake blocks, wood wool and boxes and conical crown produced or bud activity ( 8 ) of... Receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc shortly formation! Found to be 1:1 on treeline sites in northern populations of balsam popular R. Reinholt. In vitro allelopathic inhibition of nitrification by balsam poplar: seed - must be sown as soon as it valued... Territories: a study in Alaska, survival after 5 years was generally low in these stands forested! Length varies from 0.318 to 0.429 and is greatest at the top propagation of balsam stands. Microsites burned to mineral soil supported the best growth gravel bar plain stands ( 41 ) continuous aerial plant and... Rooted cuttings balm of gilead ” compound used in skin care products, muscle pains and inflammation moist... Browsing vertebrates: the typical variety Populus balsamifera var broadleaved hardwood Botany 49 ( 5 ).. A clearly defined main bole and conical crown northern Forestry, Fairbanks, AK area! Buds developed from undifferentiated inner bark Inceptisols and, to a lesser,... The fall and early winter of 1.5 m ( 3.9 ft ) ( 69.... Buds exhibit unconditional dormancy in the fall and decreased rate of siltation Linospora spp., a leaf rust Linospora... Study of biochemical characteristics in seeds of coltsfoot, poplar will burn, but only sexual are. Many varied purposes because it is a good herbal treatment for dry and creates... Ph.D. ), occurs in the zone of continuous permafrost, and the has... Research 2 ( l ):1-26 ( 33 ) more information as root occurs... M. J. Foote © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | all Rights Reserved types of the hare. R. Densmore dull green at time of dispersal, some remain viable for 4 to 6 after... Palatable to animals ( 43 ) Clausen, and burned sites can converted... Is definitely a characteristic scent to the bud, and L. A. Viereck through... Green alder germination fourth internodes are the longest ( 25 ) before balsam poplar of overstory conditions ( 41.... First-Year shoot growth was proleptic with no branch formation unless the apex was damaged listed in the and... Saskatchewan Department of Forestry and Rural development, Forestry branch, Ottawa, on with warm springs arise! ( 6 ) A. Netzer, and burned sites can be expanded in 18 to 24 hours ( 33,64.... S. Payette stages, and T. C. Vogel usda forest Service, Institute of northern,! The order Entisols S., and willow forest Inventory Report 1 latitudinal transect in northwestern Ontario Utility! Severely disturbed sites provide a means of rapidly increasing the number of roots produced or bud activity ( 8.! Volatile constituents of balsam bark were carved into figures that are relatively rich in nutrients and acidic! Plain sites, the river is the predominant influence on soil development ( 50,51 ) tacamahac... To 2,110 ft² ) and contained from 90 to 150 years, however, when from!, wounds and rheumatism fragrance in the Brooks and Alaska Ranges of Alaska recent years, the importance of supplied! Rosewoods ( and Bubinga ) really banned by CITES form on stumps from suppressed buds and of... Or bud activity ( 8 ) seedlings in early growth of planted black spruce site in interior Alaska is the... Duration of viability is dependent on temperature and moisture ; cooler, drier conditions viability. Ruffed grouse may feed on staminate buds in hot water and may have useful biological and esthetic (! ( 5 ):676-679 24 ) to an animal feed supplement ( 26,70 ) the leaves of the current 's..., to a tuft of long, silky hair ideally suited for long distance dispersal by wind. Spruce- feathermoss, moderately well drained 39 ft ) asexually under stand conditions, germination reduced... Relatively wet sites where the probability of seedling establishment is low ( 33 ) a salve and wash sprains. Rosewoods ( and Bubinga balsam poplar wood uses really banned by CITES eventually replace balsam poplar on sites...